DISASTER RESPONSE PROGRAM : EARTHQUAKES


Disaster preparedness refers to the preventive measures taken to reduce the severity of a disaster's effects. The goal of disaster preparedness is to lessen the impact of disasters on vulnerable populations, to ready an organization for an influx of activity, and to design a coordinated plan that reduces the waste of resources, time, and efforts. During and after a disaster, volunteer managers collaborate with local governments, emergency managers, and with other nonprofit organizations to save lives and provide aid. According to Waldner,

"the primary goal [of volunteer managers] is to be the conduit between multiple organizations, and to be able to sit at the table with Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster, or VOAD. Being a part of your local and regional VOAD is imperative, and if not it greatly hinders everything else."

When earthquakes happen, the destruction will depend on the intensity of the earthquake. At times, not a lot of damage happens since the earthquake isn't as strong, but when it is, it can cause a lot of damage such as buildings or houses falling down, fires because of friction and sometimes can lead to typhoons or earthquakes.

rubble

These innovations have Self-Centering, which means the technology is a steel or reinforced-concrete system that rocks during the design basis earthquake (DBE) because "specific structural joints are designed to open when earthquake forces are applied. Running across those joints is unbonded post-tensioning steel that deforms elastically during an earthquake; then like a rubber band, [it] pulls the joints back together."

Red Scaffolding Infrastructure

Earth's major earthquakes occur mainly in belts coinciding with the margins of tectonic plates. This has long been apparent from early catalogs of felt earthquakes and is even more readily discernible in modern seismicity maps, which show instrumentally determined epicentres. The most important earthquake belt is the Circum-Pacific Belt, which affects many populated coastal regions around the Pacific Ocean-for example, those of New Zealand, New Guinea, Japan, the Aleutian Islands, Alaska, and the western coasts of North and South America. It is estimated that 80 percent of the energy presently released in earthquakes comes from those whose epicentres are in this belt. The seismic activity is by no means uniform throughout the belt, and there are a number of branches at various points. Because at many places the Circum-Pacific Belt is associated with volcanic activity, it has been popularly dubbed the "Pacific Ring of Fire."

Since our country is a hotspot for natural disasters, being the first in Asia to be the most vulnerable to multiple climate hazards such as cyclones, floods, tsunami, drought, earthquakes and rising sea levels. Philippines ranks below many of its regional neighbors in the quality of infrastructure. Climate Resilience is not only the ability to stand up again but move forward, investing in better and greener infrastructure can help our economy, dramatically reduce climate change and save lives at same time.